Diabetes is a metabolic condition in which the level of sugar in the blood is extremely high. It is a chronic condition in which the body does not produce enough insulin. Our pancreas produces a hormone called the insulin. This hormone helps converting the glucose from the food into energy. When the pancreas stops producing insulin, or becomes resistant to insulin, this glucose enters the blood stream. This causes thecondition of diabetes.
Types of diabetes:
Type 1 Diabetes:
Type 1 Diabetes, also known as juvenile diabetes, is a condition that generally occurs in children. It is an autoimmune disease where the pancreas stops producing insulin. It can be treated using insulin injections.
Type 2 Diabetes:
The condition generally occurs in adults. The cells generally cannot use glucose efficiently. The cells become insensitive and resistant to insulin over a period of time. Generally treated with medications, which are given lifelong.
If left untreated, diabetes can cause heart damage, nerve and kidney damage. It can also cause glaucoma and cataract problems, bacterial, fungal and yeast infections. Over 30 million have now been diagnosed with diabetes in India. The CPR (Crude prevalence rate) in the urban areas of India is thought to be 9 percent. In rural areas, the prevalence is approximately 3 per cent of the total population.
Hence, it is extremely importance to detect and diagnose diabetes early on, and refer to a treatment plan as soon as possible.
Classical Symptoms of Diabetes:
Hunger and Fatigue: The body converts food into glucose that the cells use for energy since the body is unable to produce insulin, the glucose cannot get converted to energy. Hence, we end up feeling more tired and hungry than usual.
More thirsty and urinating more than usual: On an average, a human usually urinates between four to seven times a days. However, people with diabetes urinate more than that. When the blood sugar levels are high, the kidneys make more urine. The more you urinate, the thirstier you feel. And hence, you end up drinking more water.
Dry mouth and itchy skin: The body is using up all the fluids, hence it leaves no moisture for the skin. Hence, it starts feeling itchy. You feel thirsty all the time also, since your body is dehydrated most of the times.
Blurred Vision: Changing levels of fluids can cause pressure in the eyes, making your vision blurry
Slow healing sores or cuts: High levels of sugar in blood can cause nerve damage. This makes the healing of cuts and sores more difficult.
Unplanned weight loss: If the body is unable to produce energy used in cells, it will start burning muscle fat for energy. This will cause an unplanned weight loss, even though you havent made any changes in your diet.
Siddhi Takalkar Deshpande is registered diabetic diet consultant in Pune. Nutriworks strives for the quality and healthy life style of clients by either solving weight management issues or the various disease issues through customized diet plan.